All shades of red
Barbatus can be found not only in the flower beds, but also in the wild. You will see somewhere in the middle of the field its bright inflorescences, admire the flowers and involuntarily the thought arises: "Where did you just come from"? You return home with a bunch of fragile small cloves. In care, this plant is unpretentious, blooms for a long time, amazes with its color combinations. What else does a grower need?
In total, about 300 types of carnations are known. Among them there are one-, two- and perennial plants. Barbatus is mainly grown as a biennial, although it is a perennial. More often it is called Turkish, or bearded clove. Although his homeland is not Turkey, but southern Europe. And the plant received the “Turkish” name, most likely, for the color of its petals, reminiscent of a Turkish ornament.
Cloves are 40-60 cm tall, numerous inflorescences are scutes about 8-10 cm in diameter, flowers with a pleasant aroma, simple or double, small 1-2 cm in diameter, white or red in different shades, variegated, with eyes, bordered . All of them are so different that it seems that each inflorescence is unique. Barbatus blooms from May to July. Flowering begins in the 2nd year after sowing and lasts about a month and a half. In the first year, the plant only forms a lush rosette of medium-sized oblong leaves. There are low-growing species that grow no more than 20 cm, and tall - up to 80 cm.
The plant is sun-loving, but can withstand partial shade. Cold and frost resistant. It prefers light loamy, humus-rich soils with a sufficient amount of lime, although in general it is unpretentious. He likes watering, but it is impossible to overmoisten it.
Barbatus is propagated mainly from seeds, less often by dividing the bush and cuttings. In the soil before planting, you need to make a well-rotted humus - 20 kg per 1 sq. m. Sowing seeds is possible in April - May, at the end of summer and before winter. Planting is carried out in harrows with a depth of 1-1.5 cm. Crops are slightly pressed and moistened (autumn crops are carried out with dry seeds and do not water). You can cover them with a non-woven fabric.
After their appearance, the plantings are thinned, leaving at first 10, and then, when a rosette develops, 20-30 cm between the plants.
During seed propagation in varieties with double flowers, some plants come across with simple ones. Therefore, valuable varieties are propagated by cuttings. You can grow bearded cloves from seedlings. It also easily propagates by self-seeding. Seeds do not lose their germination 3-4 years.
Turkish cloves are used in group plantings, on alpine slides. Low-growing varieties are planted in the foreground in front of tall plants, they are ideal for balconies and terraces, borders. Tall varieties are great for cutting. By the way, cut flowers stand in the water for a long time.