12 tips for gardeners in January
Tip number 1
Gardeners who grow winter varieties of apples and put them in storage should remember that in January, under optimal conditions (temperature 1–0 °, relative humidity 60–70% and good ventilation), the shelf life of the following varieties ends: Antonovka vulgaris, Autumn striped, Autumn joy, Cinnamon striped, Orange, Bessemyanka Michurinsky, Folk, Lobo, Chelini, Mekintosh. It is necessary to monitor the condition of the fruits in order to avoid mass deterioration, maintain the storage mode of products without significant fluctuations that worsen their quality.
Council number 2
In those days when the temperature rises to 0 °, you need compact wet snow around fruit tree stands. Through a dense layer of snow, mice cannot get to the tree and damage the bark.
Council number 3
Around the site where seedlings of fruit crops were buried, the annular groove is periodically cleared of snow. If it has not been done since the fall, then, retreating 2-3 m from the place of digging, remove the layer of snow until the soil is exposed. Rodents cannot move around the open area, and the seedlings remain intact. The most reliable means of protecting the garden from hares is an iron net 1.8-2.0 m high around the perimeter of the garden.
Tip number 4
If a temperature drop of 35 ° is expected, spud the fungi and the base of the skeletal branches with snow. The snow cone will reliably protect the sheltered part of the tree from damage by severe frosts. Berry and ornamental shrubs are also covered with snow. If there is little snow, it is collected from tracks, from ditches, from the carriageway with a wooden, plywood or metal wide shovel. You can not bare the soil under cultivated plants so that the roots do not freeze. The minimum layer of remaining snow should be 12-15 cm.
Tip number 5
In January and February, many birds die from severe frosts and lack of food. Therefore, when visiting the garden it is necessary to feed them, laying out the feed always at the same place in the feedersin which snow cannot accumulate. If feeding is carried out annually, then birds prefer to nest in nearby places. Birds eagerly eat the seeds of watermelons, sunflowers, pumpkins, cucumbers, sorrel, elderberries, snowdrops and many other plants.
Tip number 6
In rural areas, wood heating and peat heating are widely used. Collecting ash, sieving it and keeping it dry allows the gardener to accumulate fertilizerwhich contains potassium, phosphorus, calcium. It is better to store ash in plastic or multilayer paper bags.
Tip number 7
Periodically accumulating slop recommended pouring into a compost heapin which they make a depression in the fall.
Council number 8
At a temperature –30 ° insulate the hatch and vents in the basement or a cellar with burlap or old rags. If the basement is in an open area, then snow is raked around it.
© Kay Atherton
Tip number 9
The remaining fruits sorted into storage. Boxes should not be brought into a room with room temperature. If the fruits of later consumption begin to grow brown, they are removed from storage and used for compotes, added to vegetable salads, etc.
Council number 10
Snow accumulated on the roofs of garden houses, farm buildings, discarded carefullyif fruit and ornamental shrubs grow near, as blocks of dense snow can break branches. In winter, on frosty days, branches become especially brittle. To measure temperature, you need to have thermometers that should be displayed on the street and in storage. With warming and heavy snow a lot of snow accumulates on the branches, which can be removed with a long pole to avoid breaking the branches with a fork at the end, wrapped in burlap or foam.
Council number 11
At the end of the month, if there were frosts below 35 °, cut several branches apple trees, pears, cherries, plums and put them on growing, which allows to clarify the varietal and pedigree reaction to severe frosts. Cut branches should have a label with the name of the variety. The first day, the branches are kept lower in water at a temperature of 2-5 °, then they are transferred to room conditions. For less moisture evaporation, all branches are covered with plastic wrap. After 18-25 days, the degree of damage to leaf and flower buds, as well as shoot wood, will be clearly visible.
Council number 12
In those sections of the garden, where strong water erosion is observed in spring, snow should be clearedso that the soil is deep frozen. Then the water will not erode it so actively. Subsequently, in these places they carry out sodding or arrange branch flushes.
B.A. Popov Manor garden.