Feijoa in the room
Having tried the original feijoa fruit, which is the champion in iodine content, do not rush to throw away its seeds. From them you can grow an original decoration for your home. And unpretentiousness in leaving does it more and more popular among fans of indoor flower growing.
Feijoa leaves are leathery, elliptical, up to 8 cm long. The upper surface of the leaf is slightly dark green, the bottom is silver-white. However, this plant is grown indoors for the sake of flowers. Feijoa bloom is really something incredible. The flowers are white and pink, with lots of red stamens. The plant blooms 3-5 years after sowing. True, up to 85 percent of the flowers yield no crop. But the flowers themselves are edible, their petals are slightly sweet in taste.
Feijoa is a cross-pollinated plant. To bloom, you need to have two copies that will bloom at the same time. Or plant self-pollinated varieties.
Feijoa is not very demanding on soils. In particular, it may be a mixture of turf, humus and sand. In the first 2-3 years, the plant is replanted annually, without deepening and preserving the lump of land in which they grew. Next - every 3 years.
In winter, it is better to keep it in a cool, well-lit room with a temperature of 9-12 degrees. In the summer it is advisable to bring to the balcony or garden. Feijoa - photophilous. Therefore, flowerpots are placed on the south or southeast windows. From a lack of light, the bush can be greatly extended, especially in the autumn-winter period.
In hot weather, once a day, the plant is sprayed with water at room temperature. However, it easily tolerates dry indoor air in winter.
Feijoa are watered abundantly in summer, in moderation in winter. Overdrying can lead to dropping leaves and the death of twigs. In spring and summer, the plant needs to be fed. Especially it is necessary for him during flowering and fruit setting.
Feijoa is most often affected by scale insects, worms, gray rot and leaf spot.
The easiest way to reproduce is seed. To obtain seeds, it is better to take the most ripe fruit (but not overripe) with a yellowish skin. They put it to ripen and wait until it becomes soft. The pulp is cut with a knife and washed in a light solution of potassium permanganate to separate the seeds. Then dried for 5-6 days and sown.
Feijoa seeds are planted in January-March, without delaying and kept at a temperature of 15-20 degrees. Humidify from a spray bottle so that a stream of water does not erode the soil. Crops are covered with glass and exposed to diffused light in a warm place. All this time they are regularly aired. The first shoots appear after 3-4 weeks. Young plants grow very fast. It is desirable that there is space for the root system.
Reproduction and pruning of feijoa
Feijoa can be propagated not only by seeds, but also by cuttings. The best time for this is November-December. Shoots are cut into cuttings 8-10 cm long, leaving only the top pair of leaves. Placed at a slight slope, deepening by 2/3. Landings are preferably covered with a glass jar. They are aired from time to time. For rooting, you can prepare a substrate of leaf humus and river sand in a proportion (1: 1). This method of reproduction is more complicated than seed, but the properties of the mother plant are better preserved.
In order for the bushes to acquire an attractive shape, when they reach a height of 25-30 cm, they are cut by 1/3. In the future, pruning plants is not necessary. Feijoa quickly forms a root shoot, which must be constantly removed. When transplanted, it can be separated from the mother plant and thus propagated.