9 medicinal plants to grow at home in winter
In the autumn, when the summer season ends and the garden begins to prepare for winter, I really want to keep the summer scents and transfer something to my windowsills. If you catch up to the first frost, you can extend the life of some medicinal plants and create a small pharmacy garden on the windowsill. What plants can be suitable for this purpose? What kind of care do they need at home, and how to use their beneficial properties in medicine or cooking? In this article I will talk about 9 medicinal plants that I successfully grow at home in winter.
I became interested in medicinal plants for a long time, as a student. Our summer botany practice took place in the Moscow region, in the village of Teryaevo. Nearby is the Joseph-Volotsky Monastery (then it was called Joseph-Volokolamsk), and here we lived in it. In the morning, all groups with their teachers went into the forest, in the field, on the shore of the lake.
Each had their own herbar folder, be sure to have a scoop, a notebook. Classes were always held at a pace. And now - a chance meeting. At the edge of the field, two old women, then it turned out - mother and daughter, collect yarrow. We talked.
I remember how struck by the answer to the question: - What is this grass from? - From death.
This is a very unpretentious perennial plant. It easily tolerates even severe drought. He loves open, sunny areas. In nature, it grows on any soil, although waterlogging is difficult to tolerate. Yarrow (Achillea millefolium) is a medicinal and culinary plant. Its aroma is hard, deep, bitter, spicy, warm.
Features of growing yarrow in room conditions
In my opinion, this is one of the most suitable for indoor plant maintenance, which can be taken from the garden. Especially if in advance, for example, in August, plant in a pot part of the yarrow rhizome with basal leaves, and cut the stem at a height of 5-7 cm above the ground. The soil must be prepared sufficiently nutritious, drained, not acidic, slightly moistened. Leave the pot in the garden until the weather begins to deteriorate.
By the time of “relocation” a compact bush should form on the windowsill. At home, yarrow stalks are extremely rare, and this happens only in the spring, but basal leaves grow well.
Yarrow easily tolerates transplanting and pruning, even the most radical.
The use of yarrow in medicine
The whole aerial part of the plant contains a lot of essential oil, which contains azulene. Therefore, yarrow acts as a disinfectant, anti-inflammatory and anticonvulsant.
The crushed fresh yarrow leaves are applied to burns and cuts to disinfect the wound and stop bleeding. Fresh or dry leaves are scalded with boiling water, wrapped in a napkin and applied to diseased joints.
The use of yarrow in cooking
Yarrow basil leaves and flowers are used as seasoning, they are used both fresh and dried. The substances contained in the plant are able to activate the secretion of bile, which improves the digestion of fatty foods.
Surprisingly aromatic seasoning for meat, especially for fatty, is obtained from dried leaves and flowers of basil (3 parts), yarrow leaves (1 part) and a small amount of black pepper and salt - grind everything in a coffee grinder.
At home, you can cook several types of seasonings using dried yarrow leaves, grinding them with a coffee grinder with juniper berries, dry sage, rosemary, red bell pepper, apples.
I often use dried apple slices, especially acidic ones, for spicy “compositions”. Do not forget to add salt to the coffee grinder to herbs and, if desired, black or white pepper.
A few fresh basal yarrow leaves are placed in a fish baking dish. I’m sure: those who try this dish will put more leaves next time.
Sometimes yarrow can cause allergies, which is manifested in the occurrence of a specific skin rash. In this case, its use must be discontinued.
Continuation of the list of medicinal plants that can be grown indoors, read on the next page.