Lilac: care, pruning, reproduction
None of the tree-like shrub plants growing in the temperate and northern zones of the world can be compared with lilacs in terms of beauty and splendor of flowering. That is why residents of these regions love her, deprived of the opportunity to grow rhododendrons and numerous types of tropical plants of incredible beauty in open ground. For them, lilac is simply a find, therefore, it is found everywhere in their gardens.
At first glance, it may seem that the lilac grows on its own and does not need to be looked after at all, but this is not at all so. Very often there are groomed bushes that require an attentive attitude to look beautiful and decorative.
- Lilac growing conditions
- Propagation of lilac
- Pruning lilac bushes
Lilac growing conditions
The common lilac (Syringa vulgaris) comes from the Balkan mountains, which means that it loves a sunny place (more conveniently flat or with a slight slope), does not tolerate strong soil moisture (groundwater should be at a depth of at least 1.5 m), in winter prefers dry soil. She needs moisture only in the summer during the period of vegetative growth.
The plant puts up with poor soils, but does not like heavy and peaty. Prefers light loam, moderately rich and overripe soil. Lilacs are planted in a deep hole, generously seasoned with loose rotten earth. Landing is carried out in early spring or late summer. In one place, the bush will grow fully for a very long time, often throughout its entire life.
Propagation of lilac
Lilac propagates differently, more often by layering, which grows at the base of the mother bush or appear slightly to the side at a distance of one and a half meters. Varietal forms are propagated mainly by vaccination. Lilacs are grafted onto wild shoots and seedlings grown from seeds when the thickness of the shoots reaches the diameter of a pencil.
Vaccinations are carried out in the spring by any of the known methods, but the plant is most often formed in the form of a spectacular tree. If the lilac is allowed to grow, then over time it can turn into a beautiful lush bush. Typically, such bushes are clogged with wild shoots, which, as they grow, must be completely removed.
This plant is northern in nature, therefore it practically does not freeze, only its flower buds can sometimes freeze. The grafted specimens are less frost-resistant, therefore, in a harsh climate, preference is given to root specimens.
Pruning lilac bushes
To give lilac bushes a more decorative and well-groomed appearance, they need to be trimmed. When pruning bushes, basal shoots and weak shoots are first cut, and after flowering, all wilted flower brushes are removed. Next year, inflorescences will appear on those shoots that were located below the remote.
If inflorescences are not removed, then the shoots located under them will not grow strong enough and flowering will be weak. Therefore, as soon as the lilac bushes bloom, they immediately need to be pruned. The sooner the pruning procedure is carried out, the better the young shoots will develop, and the lilac will delight with lush and plentiful flowering.