Chic green fern on the windowsill
The fairy tale story about this marvelous plant is known to us from school literature lessons. In the folklore work of N.V. Gogol, the legend of the fern is described in all colors, the flowering of which occurs on the night of the pagan holiday of Ivan Kupala. Who is lucky enough to see a unique bewitching spectacle, to become rich and domineering. And here is another beautiful belief. They connect him with a young maiden who fell from a steep cliff. At the place where the girl died, a spring appeared with healing water, and her hair turned into lush fern leaves. Similar stories were transmitted by the people from ancient times. But all this is just a fairy tale. Let's talk about the real one: how to grow a fern at home?
Ferns do not have true leaves. The fact that fern resembles a leaf is not a leaf at all, but a whole system of branches located in one plane. So it is called - a plane-plane, or vaya.
Propagation of ferns
Ferns multiply in two ways - spores hidden secretly under a leaf plate and dividing overgrown rhizomes. The first method is very difficult, requires a lot of time and sufficient experience. But the second - even a beginner grower will do. A small fern root with several carved wymes with proper care will take root soon and in a couple of weeks it will throw out young fluffy arrows, which right before your eyes turn into magnificent openwork vaya reminiscent of the greenery of an exotic palm tree.
The western and eastern rooms (windows) are considered to be a favorable place for the successful growth of ferns, since the flower does not tolerate direct sunlight. He loves moisture and frequent spraying. Over-dried soil is disastrous for him. In this case, the beautiful vayi dry and soon the plant dies. A little trick can save him. It is required to subject the bush to pruning dead wood and move the pot for 2-3 hours in a basin with water.
The root has amazing vitality. He eagerly quenches thirst and regains his strength. Just as the drought is destructive to fern, the overflow does not fit him either. Do not allow water to stand in a pan or wetland in a pot. From this there is a threat of decay of the underground part, and the crown is covered with ugly brown spots.
During a period of intensive growth, ferns ask for top dressing. The ratio of fertilizer substances is as follows: 1.5 g of ammonium nitrate, 1 g of potassium salt and 1.5 g of superphosphate are added to 1 liter of settled water. The solution is injected directly under the roots in late spring or summer. The rest of the year, fertilizing the soil is optional.
Special conditions for ferns
Another indispensable condition for the rapid growth of ferns is the provision of its own space. In other words, they put a flower pot where spreading waiyi will feel at ease, enjoying their solitude. If I may say so, a fern does not like to violate the boundaries of personal territory. The reaction is unpredictable. He can “buckle up”: stop growth, change color to a dull color, grind or die at all.
Finally, we denote the types of ferns, which are distinguished by their compliance and do not cause much trouble. The ferns Cyrtium, Davallia, Cretan Pteris, Nefrolepis, Nesting ossicles, Pellet round-leaved are considered easy to grow. For hanging flowerpots, the falling types of ferns Nefrolepis, Adiantum are suitable. By the way, Nefrolepis is very demanding on space. The varieties Kostenets nesting, Blehnum humpback have the same character. The whim is balanced by chic foliage that will transform even the most faceless room.